Roulette history and systems

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Roulette is a game that can be found in nearly all casinos, and it is considered a classic that will reign in popularity for ages to come.

The name Roulette is a French word meaning “little wheel” which describes the disc that is the main element of the game. Roulette has been around longer than most casino sets that enjoy worldwide fame today. Even with its old age, its popularity hardly seems to be dented. If anything, the game continues to earn the hearts of gamblers as time goes by. This article breaks down the origins of free roulette and explores how the table game has maintained its good old-fashioned sense.

The Beginning

Like is the case with most games that have been around for a long time, the origins of roulette have long been debated. Some people believe that it has its roots in China, where it was played using thirty-seven figurines of animals and placed on a square. Dominican monks brought the game to Europe and made some modifications that are similar to the variation that is played today. Another conspiracy states that roulette was invented in Ancient Rome when the nation was engaged in battle after battle. Due to the dying morale of soldiers from consistently witnessing the death of their comrades, commanders used gambling as a way to add some fun to the ventures. Back then, soldiers would spin a chariot wheel or shield, which was later modified to include numbers. However, like the Chinese theory, that of the Roman roots of the game is not too convincing.

The most solid theory of roulette origins is that the game was invented in France, which is even suggested by the name of the game. Historians believe that Blaise Pascal, a French scientist, was the first man to discover the game in the seventeenth century. The invention was primitive and a mistake at the time since his goal was to create a perpetual motion machine.

The Game We Know Today

Roulette would not hit the market as a casino game until the eighteenth century when it was presented as a hybrid of the Blaise’s wheel invention and Biribi, an Italian game. At the time, gambling was banned in most parts of Europe. Reforms were not made until the late 18th century that made gambling legal in most of the continent. At the time, the prince of Monaco was going through financial problems and used casinos to solve them. The widespread opening of gambling houses made roulette a popular feature in the city-state and was quickly adopted in other European regions. During the early ages, Roulette evolved to embrace three variations that are referred to today as the classics. The versions are:

Double Zero Roulette

Double Zero Roulette was the first version to appear in casinos. The game featured the standard wheel and table used for the placement of bets. The game disc featured the numbers 1 to 36 along with single zero and double zero slots, much like the American version played today. The two zero slots are reserved for the house and are used to give the casino an advantage over the gambler. The gameplay procedure required players to choose a winning number or a set of them depending on the pocket the spinning ball will fall in once it comes to a halt. Gamblers could stake on single numbers or a group of them depending on their position on the table, colour, and parity. This procedure of play has been maintained to date.

Single Zero Roulette

Single Zero Roulette, otherwise known as European Roulette, is the main reason that propelled the game into fame across Europe. This version of the casino game was invented in 1842 by the Blanc brothers as they took it out of France and into Germany. At the time, gambling had once again been outlawed by the French government, which led the duo to market the game in another region where the activity was massively enjoyed. Germany fit the bill, and the game was soon featured in nearly every gaming club across the country.

The Blanc brothers ensured the success of their venture by removing the double zero pocket from the wheel. With the number of pockets brought down to 37 and the house having only one slot reserved for them, the chances of landing payouts rose for gamblers. The house edge dropped from 5.26% in the Double Zero version to an impressive 2.7%. To date, European Roulette maintains a considerable lead in popularity against the American Version.

French Roulette

French Roulette is the last of the three traditional roulette games and marks the end of the classic age for this game. This version was revived once the Blanc brothers brought the game back to France at the request of the prince at the time. This version included the En Prison and La Partage rules that made it possible for punters to reclaim stakes if the ball landed in the zero pocket and the wagers were one even money bets. With the En Prison rule in place, gamblers received half of their stake. With the La Partage rule, the ball was spun one more time, and if the right pocket was landed, players were granted the entire stake amount. The Blanc brothers went on to open the prestigious Monte Carlo Casino Resort that stands to date where this version and that of Single Zero Roulette were the centres of attraction.

Gameplay Strategies

The game of roulette is like most others found in online casinos; the element of luck plays a significant role in the landing of payouts. Even so, the set allows gamblers to play around with the winning odds and determine whether gameplay will be of low or high risk. Due to the ability to exploit odds, several strategies have been formulated over time that can be used to take advantage of as many winning chances as possible. The most prominent of them include:

  • Martingale Strategy

The Martingale Strategy is the most popular of all gameplay approaches. This game plan is progressive, which means punters will be spending more as gameplay continues. The strategy states that one has to double their wager anytime a loss comes by. Once a win is landed, the gamblers can go back to their original bet and start the process all over again. This strategy functions as follows:

Stake in Dollars Result
1 Loss
2 Loss
4 Loss
8 Loss
16 Win


In the end, players recover all the money spent on bets and a small profit of a dollar on top. This system works best on even-money stakes.

  • Fibonacci Strategy

The Fibonacci number sequence is used in this roulette gameplay approach. Players determine the next bet by adding the two previous numbers in the chain. Progress in the sequence when incurring losses and go back two steps when a win is landed. Continue with this system until the gains collected amount to the stakes used and collect a profit on top.

  • Reverse Martingale Strategy

This system is much like the Martingale one, but instead of doubling when a loss is incurred, one is required to double after a win. This strategy comes in handy to exploit winning streaks but can also result in significant losses.

Bottom Line

The game of roulette is mainly considered a form of entertainment, with the game payouts being a secondary factor. When applying the strategies mentioned, keep in mind that they still do not assure the provision of winnings and are only meant to exploit the chances that come by.